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Eureka Eureka Story
Archimedes was a Greek scientist. He lived in Syracuse about 200 years ago. The king of the country wanted to wear a golden crown. He gave some gold to a goldsmith to make a suitable crown. After a few days the goldsmith came to the king with the ready crown. The crown was weighed. The weight of the crown was equal to the gold given by the king to the goldsmith. The king saw the color of the crown.
He had some doubts. It is possible that the goldsmith may have stolen some of the gold given to him. The king wanted to find out the truth. He asked his court scientist Archimedes to find out. The king said, “Find out how much gold was stolen?”
How to find out the truth? Archimedes considered the problem of day and night. One day he was going to take a bath, but he was busy thinking. His attention did not go to the bathtub. The bathtub was already filled to the brim with water. He slipped into the bathtub. Immediately a large amount of water gushed out from the side of the bathtub. He suddenly realized this. His brain waves suddenly worked. He jumped out of the bathtub and shouted, “Eureka! Eureka!” Eureka means “I’ve found it” in Greek.
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Different metals of the same weight have different volumes. When objects are put in water, the water gets displaced. The water displaced will be equal to their volume.
For example, an iron cube weighing one kilogram will scatter some water. But an aluminum cube of the same weight will displace more water than an iron cube.
Archimedes knew all these principles. Using this as basic knowledge, Archimedes created a plan to find out the purity of the crown.
Archimedes took two bowls. He filled them with water. Then he placed each bowl in the middle of different larger pots. He placed the crown in a bowl. The water flowed out. It collected at the bottom of the outer vessel. Then he took a cube of pure gold. This cube of gold was equal to the crown in weight. He placed this gold cube in the middle of the second bowl. Here too the water overflowed. Water collected at the bottom of the outer bowl.
After this Archimedes measured the amount of water in two vessels. He detected the difference in water overflow. The crown had sent more water. The gold cube had sent less water. But both the crown and the gold cube weighed the same. Therefore, they should have sent the same quantity of water. Therefore, there were some other metals mixed in the crown. These metals occupied more space in water than pure gold.
Archimedes informed the king about this discovery. The king asked the goldsmith the truth. The goldsmith again confessed. He had stolen some gold. He also added some other metals.
Moral story:- Think clearly. You can find solutions to new problems.
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