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How to Write a Poem in English | Rules for Poetry Writing Beginners

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How to Write a Poem in English

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How to Write a Poem in 5 Steps

Good poetry is written keeping in mind the language used. Poets use the fundamental elements of poetry, such as theme, form, and imagery, to create written masterpieces.

Step 1: Learn What a Poem Is

Before you can write a simple poem, you need to know what makes a poem a poem in the first place! A poem is defined as any collection or arrangement of words that expresses a feeling or idea in a more focused style than standard speech or prose.

Poems are usually written in stanzas rather than paragraphs. They may contain complete sentences or incomplete sentences and often have a rhythm. Keep in mind, poems don’t have to rhyme.

Step 2: Experiment With Rhyming

Most people will be familiar with perfect verses because they are used in song lyrics and popular poetry. However, you can try using imperfect rhymes where only one consonant or vowel sound is the same between two words.

The best way to develop a better listening comprehension of poetry is to read lots of poems and stories. Develop your vocabulary, and it will be easier to pick out lines that you find original in your poems. Alternatively, if you’re still struggling with rhyming, try using a rhyming dictionary.

Step 3: Rearrange Your Lines

You may start following a specific poetic style, but don’t let it control you. Sometimes it’s fun to write your poem in one form, then try to rewrite it but with the lines rearranged. Can you present the same meaning in a more interesting way?

Also read – Funny Poems in English

Step 4: Brainstorm

Start by writing down all the words that come to mind when you think of your topic. Poets and writers often imagine what other people or things see or feel. If a poet sees an apple, he may wonder why it is there, who put it there, what the apple is thinking, or what it will become, such as applesauce or apple pie.

Take a walk and try to experience each physical sense: touch, smell, sound, taste and sight. Try looking at people and animals and imagine their feelings and attitudes. Be silly and make up the craziest stories. All you have to do is relax, enjoy, and start writing whatever comes to your mind.

Step 5: Choose a Poem Format

The form of your poem is influenced by the subject and the tone. As a beginner, you don’t need to worry too much about style or getting bogged down in trying to get a format right. Pick one, learn the basic rules and do your best to follow them.

What makes a poem?

A poem is a piece of writing that is used to express feelings, memories, and opinions about a specific topic or subject. Most poets write about things they are passionate about and use their poetry to tell a story about the subject.

You might think that poems should contain rhyme, and many of them do, but it doesn’t have to. Attention to form, rhythm, and imagery is often more important.

Poems draw our attention to something specific, usually something we don’t think about in our everyday lives. For example, you could read a poem written from the perspective of the grandfather clock, which represents the passing of time while she sits there watching us grow up around her.

what to write a poem about

First of all you have to decide what will be the topic of your poem. Theme is the overall meaning or message of the poem, which your readers will learn by reading between the lines.

To get ideas for what your topic might be, think about something you care deeply about or something that fascinates you, and choose something that you can work on. .

If you’re not sure what themes you can choose from, here is a short list of examples:

  • Dear
  • Warning
  • the poverty
  • life
  • Time
  • beauty
  • difficulties
  • space

Once you have chosen your topic, begin planning the subject of your poem. The subject is the same as the main character; It represents the theme of the entire poem. In our previous example, the grandfather clock was the subject, but the subject of the poem was time.

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Poem Format Example

Now that you are more familiar with the elements of poetry and how to write poetry, here are some examples of poetic forms.

Haiku: “Over the Wintry” by Natsume Sōseki

  • during winter
  • the forest, the winds howl with anger
  • To fly without leaves.

Also read – Poem on Environment

Haiku is a short poem that originated in Japanese traditions and has become popular because it is a simple form of teaching to children. Haiku has 17 syllables in three lines following the rule five, seven, five structure. Haiku often focuses on the seasons and nature.

Sonnet 18: “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” William Shakespeare

  1. Shall I compare you to a summer’s day?
  2. You are sweeter and more temperate:
  3. strong winds shake the lovely buds of May
  4. and the summer lease date is too short
  5. Sometimes the eye of heaven glows with great heat
  6. And often its golden color fades;
  7. And from every fair to fair sometimes falls,
  8. Untouched by chance or by the changing course of nature;
  9. but your eternal summer will not fade
  10. Nor lose possession of the fair that is due to you;
  11. Nor will death boast that you will wander in its shadow,
  12. When in the eternal lines of time you grow:
  13. As long as humans can breathe or eyes can see
  14. It lives for a very long time, and it gives you life.

The sonnet is a poetic form that originated in Italy before becoming popular in English poetry in the 16th century. It is composed of 14 lines using an iambic pentameter, and the rhyme scheme varies depending on what type of sonnet you are looking at. Shakespeare’s sonnet uses the rhyme scheme: A, B, A, B, C, D, C, D, E, F, E, F, G, G.

Limerick: “There Was an Old Man with a Beard” by Edward Lear.

  • there was an old man with a beard
  • Who said, “It is just as I feared!-
  • two owls and a hen,
  • Four Larks and a Wren,
  • Has everyone made their nest in my beard?

Limerick is a poetic form that you may be familiar with, as they are often humorous poems. They follow a five-line structure with a rhyme scheme of A, A, B, B, A and an anapastic meter, which is three syllables of two unstressed syllables and then a stressed syllable.

Also read – Poem on Children’s Day

How to Start a Poem

All good poems begin with a memorable first line. Your first impression is where you pique the reader’s interest.

In some poetic forms the first line is the same as the last line, creating a mirror effect. Alternatively, you can write a poem that follows a story in which the theme changes substantially from the opening line to the last.

In poetry, your first line doesn’t have to be a complete sentence or a point. Poets often use a technique called enjambment, where a sentence is spread over more than one line. In the end, you’re left with sentence fragments that only make sense when read together, but that work with the flow of the poem.

The Sensory Report will check your details and tell you how many sensory details you are using in your poem. If you’re not getting many results, your poem may be lacking in detail or too abstract. Try adding some more concrete words and running the report again.

How Pro Writing Aids Can Help You Write Poetry

When you’re in the editing phase of your writing process, you can use ProWritingAid to pinpoint areas for improvement. There are two key reports that you will find useful for editing poetry, and they are the Thesaurus Report and the Sensory Report.

You can use thesaurus check to see how many verbs, adjectives, nouns and adverbs you have used. You can also use it to check for synonyms if you have a weak word in your poem that you want to improve.

Will you use any literary devices?

Poets are adept at using literary devices in their poems. The primary tool they use is imagery. Poems do not tell stories; They show them as appearing through the eyes of the subject or narrator. You can use concrete sensory details to create a picture in your reader’s mind.

Poets make regular use of metaphors in poetry. Metaphors are figures of speech that refer to something as if it is something else. For example, “The girl was a shining star.” You can also expand on a metaphor in your poem by building on your initial metaphor with figurative language and details to represent the theme.

Personification, which is the imposition of human characteristics on something nonhuman, is another major literary device used by poets. For example, you can give an inanimate object eyes to see our world and wonder what that object sees every day.

One of the things that makes a poem unique is how it sounds, so it’s no surprise that poets use devices like alliteration and onomatopoeia. Alliteration is when the first letters of consecutive words are the same or produce the same sound. Onomatopoeia is using words that are spelled to sound the same when spoken out loud, such as pop or bang.

Also read – School Poem in English

Benefits of Learning How to Write Poetry

Even if you don’t want to be a full-time poet, or aren’t even trying to publish a single poem, writing poetry can be rewarding in many ways.

  1. It strengthens your skills in writing concrete imagery. Poetry is a very image-based form of writing, so practicing poetry will improve your imagination in other forms as well.
  2. The poem is short and effective – it uses active verbs, strong language and no more words than necessary. If you know how to write poetry, your prose will be more clear and strong when writing a novel.
  3. Poetry helps you connect with feelings in a concrete way. Other forms of writing have a plot to hide behind – with poetry, you only have feelings. (Unless it’s a narrative poem, of course.)
  4. You can become a professional poet and earn a living from writing. Even though you may want to enjoy poetry for the above reasons, you can also earn a full-time income this way. A great way to get started is to apply for poetry scholarships in addition to the rest of the tips here.

Edit your Poem

Once you’ve written the first draft of your poem, you’ll need to edit it. Raw, unedited poems can sound great, but editing poems often takes them to a whole new level.

You need to carefully choose each word and syllable sound in your poems to make sure you’re getting the meaning out right. If you’re using metaphors, you don’t want your reader to forget the topic you’re presenting.

If you’re not sure where to start editing your poem, try some editing software for your first edits. You might notice a few places where the rhyme is off, or you might find a synonym that fits the rhyming scheme you were aiming for.

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Also read – Birds Poem in English

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