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NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods

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Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Questions and Answers to difficult questions here. You will use them to help you in your exam preparation. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 And you will get in formation about all these subjects NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 Rural Livelihoods familiarises Reading Sharing about the Motions of the Earth which introduces you to the questions that will come in your board exams. Students are advised to follow these questions and answers to score well. read regularly.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8

Rural Livelihoods Class 6 Questions and Answers Civics Chapter 8

Use the Class 6 SST Civics Chapter 8 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved Make your learning experience enjoyable by preparing Read this post completely and try to solve it yourself and then see the answer. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 8 On The Trial of the Earliest People is here to cover all the latest syllabus in all this. Going by the NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 Questions and Answers it will be very easy for all students to appear for the exam with a lot of confidence

Rural Livelihoods NCERT Intext Questions and Answers

Question 1. Describe the work that you see the people doing in the above pictures (given in the textbook, page 67)

Answer: In the given picture, the people are doing:

  • Working in the field;
  • Laboring
  • Masonry work;
  • Hawkers selling in the streets
  • fishing
  • Collecting fruits and vegetables.

Question 2. Identify the different kinds of work that are related to farming and those that are not. List these in a table.


Farming worksNon-farming works
Labourers working in fields, collecting fruits and vegetables.Labourers carrying loads; Masonry work;Hawker selling goods; Fishing.

Question 3. In your notebook draw some pictures of work that you have seen people do in rural areas and write a few sentences describing the work.

Answer: Students can do it themselves.

Question 4. Describe the job that Thulasi does. How is it different from the work Ram does?

Answer: Thulasi: Thulasi works here on Ramalingam’s land. Ramalingam has 20 acres of paddy fields in Kala-pattu. Transplanting the paddy, weeding, harvesting are done by her. Apart from these Thulasi does all the tasks at home. She cooks food, cleans the house, and washes clothes, gathering firewood, fetching water, grazing their cattle.

Raman: Thulasi’s husband Raman is also a labourer. He sprays pesticides, loading sand from the river or stones from the quarry nearby. This is sent by truck to be used in nearby towns to make houses. Getting materials such as groceries for the home is also done by him.

Question 5. Thulasi gets paid very little money for the work she does. Why do you think agricultural laborers like here are compelled to accept low wages?

Answer: Agricultural laborers are forced to work for little wages because there is no alternative for other work. In the villages hardly 2-3 landowners are there they pay almost equally. Thus we can say that due to the limited scope of work agricultural laborers are compelled to accept low wages

Question 6. In what ways would her way of earning a living have been different if Thulasi owned some farmland? Discuss.

Answer: In view of the livelihood, it is very significant to have some agricultural land in the village even a small piece of land. Those who are totally dependent on the labor work like Thulasi and her husband suffer a lot in comparison of those who own some land. If Thulasi had owned some farmland she would have cultivated her paddy with little outside help at the time of harvesting and could have had a better life.

Question 7. What are the crops grown in your region or nearby rural area? What kinds of work do agricultural laborers do?

Answer: Paddy, wheat, sugarcane, peanut, potato etc. are grown in my region. Agricultural laborers do all kinds of work in the fields. They plow the land and do planting, watering, weeding and harvesting.

Question 8. Read again Sekar’s and Thulasi’s accounts. What do they say about Ramalingam, the large farmer? Together with what you have read fill in the details below:

  1. How much land does he have?
  2. What does Ramalingam do with the paddy grown on his land?
  3. Apart from farming, how else does he earn?


  1. 20 acres.
  2. The paddy is supplied in the rice mill for producing rice.
  3. He gives loans to the poor and gets interest, buys paddy from the village and surrounding areas and sells it on profit, has his own seeds and pesticides shop.

Question 9. Would you say that the majority of the farmers are quite poor? What do you think can be done to change this situation?

Answer: Yes. The government can work to improve their conditions by providing low cost agricultural tools and seeds. Also, they should get loans at minimum interest.

Class 6 Civics Chapter 8 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers

Question 1. You have probably noticed that the people in Kalapattu are engaged in a variety of non-farm work. List five of these.

Answer: The non-farming works undertaken in the village Kalapattu are:

  1. Making baskets;
  2. Blacksmithy;
  3. Cycle repair shop
  4. Teaching
  5. Weaving

Question 2. List the different types of people you read about in Kalapattu who depend on agriculture. Who is the worst among them and why?

Answer: These people are Ramalingam, Thulasi, Raman, Sekar, Aruna and Paarivelan.
Ramalingam is a big farmer whereas Sekar is a small farmer.

Thulasi and her husband Raman is the poorest among them. She works in Ramalingam’s field and earns? 40 per day only. Other people have more income. Sekar has his own land; Whereas Aruna and Paarivelan have catamars and nets for fishing.

Question 3. Suppose you are a member of a fishing family and you are discussing whether to take a loan from the bank for an engine. What would you say?

Answer: As a member of a fishing family I would like to suggest my family that they should try to get the required loan from the bank. It is well known that banks do not charge more rate of interest. They charge only as per govt norms. On the other hand, local moneylenders charge a high rate and also create unnecessary burden.

Question 4. Poor rural laborers like Thulasi often don’t have access to good medical facilities, good schools, and other resources. You have read about inequality in the first unit of this text. The distinction between her and Ramalingam is one of inequality. Do you think this is a fair situation? What do you think can be done? Discuss in class.

Answer: No, it is not a fair situation. Access to the good medical facilities, good schooling for the children, and other resources should equally reach every person without discrimination of rich or poor. Like Bhudan movement, smother movement will be fruitful wherein efforts should be made to provide some land to the landless from the landlords.

Apart from this, in many states ‘chakbandi’ is not undertaken timely, which provides land to the landless and poor people. I think both these efforts will be useful in providing support to the landless people.

Question 5. What do you think government can do to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt? Discuss.

Answer: Yes no doubt, the government can provide help to the farmers. It is necessary to provide seeds, fertilizers and pesticides at the subsidized rate of interest to the farmers. Apart from this, the farmers should be provided interest-free loan for undertaking the agricultural activities such as for bore-well, irrigation, cattle rearing etc. There is also need to provide better warehouse facilities and also a good price of their grains or produces.

Question 6. Compare the positions of Sekar and Ramalingam by filling out the following table.

Land Cultivated2 acres.20 acres.
Labour requiredNo required.
Labour on hiring.
Loans requiredRequires loan for seeds, fertilizers, pesticides etc.He takes loan from banks.

Selling of harvest the loan.He sells some part of Paddy for repaying the loan.He does not sell his harvest. He purchases from others.

Other work done by themHe has a hybrid cow. He sells milk in the local milk cooperativeOwns a rice mill, shop of seeds, pesticides etc.

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