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Panchayati raj Class 6 Questions and Answers Civics Chapter 5
Use the Class 6 SST Civics Chapter 5 NCERT Solutionss and get to know different concepts involved Make your learning experience enjoyable by preparing Read this post completely and try to solve it yourself and then see the answer. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 5 On The Trial of the Earliest People is here to cover all the latest syllabus in all this. Going by the NCERT Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Questions and Answers it will be very easy for all students to appear for the exam with a lot of confidence.
Panchayati raj NCERT Intext Questions and Answers
Question 1. What is a Gram Sabha?
Answer: The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all the adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat.
Question 2. In the meeting of the Gram Sabha so far what are the problems which are being discussed? What sort of solutions are being suggested?
Answer: The problems discussed in the meeting of the Gram Sabha are:
- Maintenance of the road that connects the village to the main highway.
- To install Water scarcity.
- Finalization of BPL list.
Various suggestions are given in the Gram Sabha, these are:
- Piping water from the Suru river and building an overhead tank in the village to increase the supply.
- To deepen the hand pumps and clean the wells for the season.
- Family income should be looked at and if it is fit, should be included in the PBL list.
Question 3. Was there a problem with the BPL list that the Gram Sabha was finalising? What was this problem?
Answer: Yes, there was a problem with the BPL list. The problem was:
- Natwar, who had just purchased a color TV and his son had sent him a new motorcycle, had been included in the BPL list.
- Biiju had so much land, yet he was included in the BPL list.
- On the other hand Om Prakash, who was a laborer and had no land and hardly made ends meet, yet his name was not in the list.
Question 4. Why do you think Surajmal kept quiet even though Saroj asked him to speak?
Answer: They were afraid of Amirchand, who was a big landlord.
Question 5. Have you seen any similar incidents when people are unable to speak up for themselves? Why do you think that happened and what prevented the person from speaking?
Answer: Yes, there are many instances in the Gram Sabha meetings when people are unable to speak for themselves. Such situation occurs due to the fear. This fear may be for various reasons such as – how a poor can give any statement against the landlord of the village where he himself works, taking loans, requesting for agricultural instruments on many occasions. The people may be fearful due to the quarrelsome nature of a person. All these prevent the person from speaking.
Question 6. How can the Gram Sabha stop the Panchayat from doing what it likes?
Answer: The Gram Sabha is an approving authority of the work decided by the Gram Panchayat. It observes the meetings and gets the accounts of the Panchayat checked and scrutinised. In such a way, Gram Sabha can prevent the Panchayat, if they think that the decision is unfit.
Question 7. What were the decisions taken by the Village Panchayat?
Answer: As per the story given in the chapter, the Gram Panchayat considered on the matter of ground water, watershed development programme, plantations and constructions of tanks, BPL list.
On the matter of groundwater and watershed development the Gram Panchayat decided that they would contact to the BDO and get some more information. On the idea of the plantation, everyone thought this was an interesting idea and the Gram Panchayat was asked to find out about it in detail. In regards to the BPL list, the Sarpanch gave instructions that Om Prakash’s family income should be looked at and if it was less than what has been decided by the government, his name should be included in the list.
Question 8. Do you think it was necessary for him to take these decisions? Why?
Answer: Yes, it was necessary for them to take these decisions because all these problems were very acute.
Question 9. From the above description, write down one question that the people could ask of the Panchayat in the next Gram Sabha meeting.
Answer: In the next Gram Sabha meeting, the people could ask “what actions were taken on the decisions taken in the last meeting?” Apart from this, they can raise the matters which require immediate attention such as -maintenance of irrigation electric well, Cleaning problem in the village, arrangement for the public toilets etc.
Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
Question 1. What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem?
Answer: As per the Gram Panchayat meeting, the problems faced in Hardas village were:
- ground water problem,
- Watershed development programme,
- Plantations and constructions of tanks,
- To install bpl list.
Question 2. What, in your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
Answer: The Gram Sabha is playing very important role in the development of the villages. It is a primary body which looks very closely to the problems and needs of the villages. All the proceedings and decisions are taken in the meeting of the Gram Sabha, therefore, all members should attend the meeting so that views of maximum people and problems thereof could be included in the proceeding of the meetings.
Question 3. What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Answer: The link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat can be understood by the following statements and diagram:
- The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by the Panchayat. Anyone living in the area, who is an adult, that is 18 years old or more, is a member of Gram Sabha.
- The Gram Sabha members also elect the representatives to the Gram Panchayat. Together the Sarpanch and Panchs form a Gram Panchayat. A Gram Panchayat is elected for five years.
- The Village Panchayat has a Secretary who is appointed by the government. The Secretary is responsible for calling the meetings of the Gram Sabha and the Gram Panchayat and keeping a record of the proceedings.
- The main task of the Gram Panchayat is to implement the development programs for the villages which come under it. The Gram Sabha is the place where all the plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people.
Panchayati Raj is a three-tier system: village level, block level and district level and controlled by the Minister of Panchayat and Rural Development.
Question 4. Take an example of any one task done by a Panchayat in your area/neighboring rural area and find out the following:
(a) Why it was taken up.
(b) Where the money came from.
(c) Whether or not the work is completed.
(a) Our panchayat has undertaken the task of building two roads in the village. It was taken up because these streets were in the worst condition. It was very difficult to use these roads during the rainy season.
(b) The fund for bricks and other material was provided by the Block Development Office, while manpower in form of labor was provided by villagers.
(c) Work was completed before the due period.
Question 5. What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Village Panchayat?
Answer: Gram Sabha and Village Panchayat can be differentiated by the following points:
(i) The Gram Sabha consists of all the adults of a village whereas the Gram Panchayat is elected by the members of the Gram Sabha for a period of five years.
(ii) The Gram Sabha itself cannot be divided while the Gram Panchayat is divided into wards and the ward members are called Panch.
(iii) The Gram Sabha is a permanent body whereas the Gram Panchayat may be dissolved.
(iv) The Gram Sabha is a controlling body over the Gram Panchayat while the Gram Panchayat is formed for the serving of the village,
Question 6. Read the following news item.
Nimone is a village on the Chauphula – Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water scarcity for the last few months and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs.
Bhagvan Mohandeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten up with sticks, iron rods and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light when some villagers brought a badly injured Lad to hospital for treatment. In the FIR recorded by the police, Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water. . However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker water was not meant for the lower castes. Adopted from Indian Express, May 1, 2004
(a) Why was Bhagwan beaten?
(b) Do you think that the above is a case of discrimination? Why?
(a) Bhagwan was beaten because he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply scheme by the Nimone Gram Panchayat so that there would be equal distribution of water.
(b) Yes, the above case was clearly a case of discrimination, because the upper caste men were against Bhagwan and told him that the tanker water was not meant for the lower castes.
Question 7. Find out more about watershed development and how does it benefit an area?
Answer: The Department of Land Resources in the Ministry of Rural Development is administering three area-based watershed programs for the development of wastelands/degraded lands, Namely
- Drought Prone Areas Programs (DPAP)
- Desert Development Program (DDP) and
- Integrated Wastelands Development Program (IWDP)
The benefits include increase in availability of surface water and groundwater, changes in cropping pattern from one to two crops annually, increase in fodder availability, increase in milk yield, and increase in agriculture.
- NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 1
- NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 2
- NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 3
- NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science Civics Chapter 4
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