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Vital Villages, Thriving Towns Class 6 Questions and Answers History Chapter 9
Use the Class 6 SST History Chapter 9 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved Class 6 Questions and Answers History Chapter 9 Read this post completely and try to solve it yourself and then see the answer. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science History Chapter 9 On The Trial of the Earliest People is here to cover all the latest syllabus in all this. Going by the NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 9 Questions and Answers it will be very easy for all students to appear for the exam with a lot of confidence.
Class 6 History Chapter 9 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
Fill in the blanks.
(a) _________________ was a word used for large landowners in Tamil.
(b) The gramabhojaka often got his land cultivated by the __________________.
(c) Plowmen were known as_________________________ in Tamil.
(d) Most of the grihapatis were ______________________ landowners.
Question 2. Describe the functions of the gramabhojaka. Why do you think he was powerful?
Answer: In the northern part of the country, the village headman was known as the gramabhojaka. The functions of the Gramabhojaka can be described as under:
- He used to collect the taxes for the kingdom.
- He also functioned as a judge and sometimes as policeman.
- He owned very large land. Many slaves and laborers were used to cultivate it.
The Gramabhojaka was a powerful person because :
- He had very much land and many people worked for him. It means many people were depending for their livelihood on the grambhojaka.
- His post was hereditary, this made him powerful.
- He had power to collect the taxes from the merchants, artisans, farmers etc., on behalf of the king which also made him powerful.
- He also had the power to settle the disputes and he acted as a judge.
- He also played role of policing sometimes which made him more powerful.
Question 3. List the crafts persons who would have been present in both the villages and the cities.
Answer: The craftsmen who would have been present in both villages and cities can be listed as:
Choose the correct answer.
Question 4. (i) Ring wells were used for :
(b) Washing clothes
Answer: (d) Drainage
Question 4. (ii) Punch marked coins were made from:
Answer: (a) Silver
Question 4. (iii) Mathura was an important :
(a) the village
(b) the port
(c) Religious center
(d) Forested area
Answer: (c) Religious center
Question 4. (iv) The Shrenis were associations of:
(b) Crafts persons
Answer: (b) Crafts persons
Question 5. Which of the iron tools shown on pages 87 would have been important to agriculture? What would the other tools have been used for?
Answer: The following iron tools have been shown on the page no. 87:
Axe and sickle are important tools for agriculture.
Other tools: Ploughshare, digging stick, hammers, spade etc.
NCERT Class 6 History Chapter 9 Questions and Answers
Question 6. Compare the drainage system of your locality with that of the cities mentioned in the lesson. What similarities and differences did you notice?
Answer: Students discuss with the teacher and find out about the drainage system existing in your city.
Presently, in our cities a well-developed drainage system is found. A network of heavy pipe lines is made and liquid wastage of houses connected to the main pipelines. We can see these pipelines are made from both cement and concrete or iron. Thus, the present drainage system in big cities is very arranged and strong. But in many villages and cities the drainage system has not been developed properly.
Whereas about 2500 years ago drainage system was well planned but it was not strong in view of materials used. The material used was baked clay or bricks, which was not capable to survive long.
Question 7. If you have seen craftspeople at work, describe in a short paragraph what they do. (Hint: how do they get the raw materials, what kind of equipment do they use, how do they work, what happens to the finished product).
Answer: Crafts persons are found in the cities as well as in the villages. Weavers, carpenters, basket makers, perfumers, sculptors, goldsmiths, blacksmiths etc., are the crafts persons who made the items by hand with a specific skill.
They get raw materials from villages as well as from cities.
Equipment used by craftsperson: Different types of craftspersons use different equipments for making the products. Weavers use loom, carpenters use wood, hand axe, borer, iron-blade, nails etc. Basket makers use rope, bamboo etc. Perfumers use different types of fragrance made from flowers and grasses through machines. The equipment used by sculptors are hammer, knife etc. Goldsmiths and blacksmiths use funeral, heating and beating rods etc.
How crafts persons work: Most of the crafts persons have their own working place or workshop. All the facilities which are required by them are being facilitated on the workshop so that smooth working could be done. In the workshop, skilled persons work and family members also provide help.
Finished Products: Crafts persons make products and these are also checked by the head of crafts persons who mostly have more skill in comparison to the others. The finished products are supplied in the market either directly to the consumers or through middlemen.
Question 8. List the functions performed by men and women living in your city or village. In what ways are these similar to those performed by people who lived in Mathura? In what ways are they different?
Answer: Different types of people live in cities and villages and perform different jobs. In the cities, men and women work in the offices, factories, malls, shops and other institutions. In the cities, people are skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled. Whereas, in the villages, most of the people are engaged with the work of agriculture, some are landless Labourers. Most of the people grow grain in the villages.
There were a religious place as well as a trade place in Mathura. Mathura was a city where craftsmen, blacksmiths, weavers, sculptors etc., lived. I think it was not very much different from the present cities in view of functions.
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